Meaning of Dhamma Wording

by Chime Shore

Meanings of Pāli Words

in the context of the Pāramiyo:

DANA: Generosity, good value, gift of interest.

SĪLA: Moral, ethical, right conduct, way of peace.

NEKHAMMA: Inner discipline, renunciation, selflessness.

PAÑÑA: Wisdom, understanding, meaningful awareness.

VIRIYA: Enthusiasm, dedication, diligence and energy.

KHANTI: Patience and forbearance, courage, bearing up.

SACCA: Truth and truthfulness, undeluded, as it is.

ADDHITTHANA: Determination, resolution, standing strong.

METTA: Good will, kindness, friendship, love, lack of conceit.

UPEKKHA: Equanimity, resilience, balance, objectivity.

Translation of Dhamma Words

ANATTA: The mortal, living self, inseparable from experience. Not bound by ‘self’ or identity, no permanent self.

ANICCO: Truth of change, impermanence, changeability. ‘All that arises must pass away’.

ARIYO: Noble, venerable, worthy of respect, tried and true.

BODHI: Buddha Nature – capacity for wisdom and compassion; innate in all people – also the sacred nature of all life.

DHAMMA: Truth, law – the path which peacefully seeks peace. ‘Buddhadhamma’- the Teachings of Sakyamuni Buddha.

DUKKHO: The harm and ill of ignorance, greed, hatred and delusion, a dark obstructed state: subjugation, not seeing, misunderstanding.

GACCHAMI: To go to, proceed.

GAMINI: In detail, in every respect, minute by minute.

KAMMA: Work, energy that accompanies experience – the causes and effects involved.

NIRODHO: Cessation, bringing to an end the harm and ill of ignorance by purifying the causes, by breaking up impediments.

PATIPADA: The path step by step, the road traveled, the Eightfold Noble Path – the specific practices and ideas of the Dhamma that inspire, regulate and protect.

SACCO: Suchness, real, truly spoken, cardinal, essential teaching.

SAMMA: Right, true, meaningful involvement; thorough, full; reconciled, compassionate, purposeful.

SAMUDAYO: The root cause of Dukkha is reactive mind, the state of craving, tanha, and clinging, upadana, that is bound and blinded by experience, impeded by circumstance and influence, caught up in misunderstanding.

SARANAM: Remembrance, refuge, protection home.

TATHAGATO: Mortal, sentient being, gate of liberation.

The Factors of Mindfulness – Bojjhanga

Mind of Bodhi, strong new growth, facets of the Bodhi gem.
Bright awareness, learned vessel, intelligence and peace.


SATI: Mindfulness and memory, attentive and aware.

DHAMMA VICAYA: Investigation, exploration, interest in all dhammas.

VIRIYA: Enthusiasm, dedicated energy.

PĪTI: Pleasure and delight, joyfully engaged.

PASSADDHI: Relaxed in body, calm in mind, restful and collected.

SAMADHI: Concentrated, coherent and contemplative.

UPEKKHA: Serene, adaptable, equanimity.

From the Theravada Dhamma Training Text, Coorain
Copyright: Coorain, Origins Centre (Society Incorporated) Inc.